Best espadrilles

best espadrilles

Waiting for espadrilles outside Casa Hernanz, Madrid

Why does a line outside a store always grab our attention?  Does it arouse curiosity, excitement, a sense of mystery?  What could be so popular, scarce, or valuable that it provokes shoppers to brave the espadrilles elements and surrender their time?

The daily line outside Casa Hernanz every summer made me wonder just that.  Although the colorful window display hinted at shoes, I wasn’t sure how to translate the words CordeleríaAlpargatería.  Normally, I would have joined the line and found out for myself, but the store’s tiny interior meant there was nowhere to hide should you be “only looking”, and the risk of being knee-capped by the impatient mob behind me was too great.

Hanging espadrilles outside Casa Hernanz, MadridFlat-soled espadrilles, Casa Hernanz, Madrid

Instead, I asked an elderly woman what the fuss was about.  “Las mejoras alpargatas de Madrid!” she said, with a raised hand as if to slap me.  Whatever alpargatas were, here were the best in the city according to my friend.

A foreign voice behind me kindly whispered, “They’re espadrilles…”

Purple flat-soled espadrilles at Casa Hernanz, Madrid

A Bit of Espadrille History

Not being a fashionista, I was only vaguely familiar with espadrilles.  So I did some research.  Espadrilles very likely descended from the ancient Egyptian sandal, but the first European records of such a shoe date from the 14th century.  Although “espadrille” is French, those first records were in Catalan, one of the languages of the mighty Crown of Aragon, whose port city Barcelona dominated Mediterranean trade.

In Catalan, these sandals are called espardenyas, due to their principal material espart, a common Mediterranean grass.  French dialect on the other side of the Pyrenees would eventually transform this word into espadrille.

String made from raffia palm fibers, Casa Hernanz, Madrid

So if espadrilles are called espardenyas in Catalan, why are they called alpargatas in Castilian?

Unlike central and southern Spain, Catalonia did not experience extensive Moorish rule.  As a result, the Arabic influence on Catalan is less apparent than on Castilian Spanish. Of the 88,000 words recognized by the Royal Academy of Spanish, roughly 4,000 have Arabic origins.  Obvious examples start with the Arabic article, “al” – álgebra, alquimia, algoritmo, and our superstar sandal, alpargata.

In summary, espadrille = espardenya = alpargata.  Got it?

Stacked espadrilles at Casa Hernanz, Madrid

From Peasant Sandal to Catwalk Superstar

Casa Hernanz has been selling espadrilles and rope-related items (i.e. cordelería) at the same address for over 150 years.  It was Toribio Hernanz, the great-grandfather of the current owners – brothers Jesús and Antonio – who opened the store back in 1845.

The uncomplicated espadrille owes it success to two things: it’s affordable and functional.  Materials include cotton and linen for the canvas tops, while esparto grass, jute rope or even braided hemp have been used for the soles.  Occasionally a rubber lining is added to the sole for more durability.

But the array of choices is relatively new.  Jesús Hernanz (seen below) recalls how little variation there was when he and his brother took over the store: just four colors and three styles in total.

Co-owner Jesús Hernanz with a staff member

They were lucky to offer even that, given the shoe’s declining prospects in post Civil War Spain.  As Spaniards traded agriculture for factory work in cities like Barcelona and Madrid, sales of espadrilles dwindled.

What reversed the shoe’s fortunes?  The interest of Yves Saint Laurent.  In 1970, Isabel Sauras, one half of the famous Castañer espadrille brand, met Saint Laurent at a trade fair in Paris.  According to the New York Times, she and her husband produced a model with “gold satin ribbons, red satin uppers and gold thread mixed with jute coils,” following a request by the famous designer, who then featured them in his show.  The espadrille has never looked back.

String for sale at Casa Hernanz, Madrid

Old School Design = Old School Prices

While Saint Laurent may have given the espadrille industry an international boost, you won’t find any YSL/Armani/Dior-inspired designs at Casa Hernanz.  Nor will you find their eye-watering prices.

Casa Hernanz offers a few modern examples to appeal to fashionistas, but the store’s fame rests on having perfected the everyman’s espadrille de toda la vida.  Their most popular model – the flat-soled alpargata offered in some fifty colors – sells for under 6€.   Yes, this is a tremendous bargain, given that the sandals are produced using the same proven materials and methods since 1845.  Hence the lines.

However, should you not fancy waiting under the blazing sun for the best espadrilles in Madrid, come first thing on a weekday morning and you’ll have the store practically to yourself.

Casa Hernanz the moment it opens, Madrid

What about you?  Own a pair of Spanish espadrilles?  Where did you get yours?

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Casa Hernanz calle Toledo 18.  Open Monday – Friday, from 9am til 1:30pm, 4:30pm-8pm, and Saturdays from 10am til 2pm.  Metros Sol (Lines #1,2 3), Tirso de Molina (Line #1), or La Latina (Line #5).


Looking for things to do in Madrid?  Get to know the city more in depth with a Historic Madrid Walking Tour, Gastronomic Madrid Tapas Tour, Madrid Wine Tasting, or take a wine tour of the Ribera del Duero region.

Last update: February 3, 2016


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