North wests first front row

Я постарался по возможности четко изложить информацию по предлогам места. Сам я уже в течение нескольких лет с большим успехом применяю этот материал на своих уроках. Его использование позволяет избежать работы одновременно с несколькими грамматическими пособиями. Материал легко воспринимается учениками, доступен для самостоятельного изучения, так как включает в себя, с моей точки зрения, простые и логичные объяснения.
Pereslavl-Zalesski, Yaroslavl Reg.

Базовые случаи (1)

Оn a river/on a road/on the way/on the coast (подразумевается береговая линия)
At a party/at a concert/at a conference/at the meeting/at a football match/at the lesson, at the exhibition)

Exercise 1. Complete the sentences with in, at or on. (1)

1. Rio de Janeiro is ______ the south-east coast of Brazil.

2. There’s no one ____ the garden.

3. Tessa is ____ a conference.

4. Would you like sugar ____ your coffee?

5. Who’s moved my briefcase? I left it ______ the table.

6. Go along this road, and then turn left ____ the shop.

7. Nicola was wearing a silver ring ____ her little finger.

8. We stopped at a small village ____ the way to London.

9. He spends most of the day sitting ____ the window and looking out.

10. There’s been another big forest fire _____ California.

11. What have you got ____ your hand?

12. Paris is ____ the river Seine.

13. I know that people like to dress up ____ parties, but that is ridiculous.

Exercise 2. Complete the sentences with in, at or on. (1)

1. There is no tea ____ my cup.

2. She owns a house ____ the Swan River.

3. When we were ____ Italy, we spent a few days in Venice.

4. There’s a dirty mark ____ your nose.

5. I didn’t see you ____ the party on Saturday. Where were you?

6. Is that a spider ____ the ceiling?

7. My brother lives in a small village ____ the south-west of England.

8. San Francisco is ___ the west front coast of the United States.

9. Where is the car waiting? ____ the traffic light.

10. What’s that ____ the floor?

11. Memphis is ____ the Mississippi River.

12. There’s something wrong with the car. We’d better stop ____ the next garage.

Устойчивые выражения (2)

in

at

on

in the mountains/forest/field
in a line/in a row/in a queue
in a photograph/picture/mirror
in the sky/the world
in a book/newspaper/magazine/letter
in bed
in one’s hand
in a village/town/city
in the middle/centre

at the top/bottom (of the page)
at the end of the street
at the roundabout
at home/at work
at reception
at the crossroads
at the bus stop/at the station/
at the airport

on a page/the notice board
on an island
on the beach
on the left/right (hand side)
on the ground/first floor
on a map/on a list/on the menu (in a restaurant)
on a farm
on the coast/border/edge
on a river/street

cтанцией может быть и название города

Exercise 3. Complete the sentences using the prepositions at, in or on. (1, 2)

1. I sat ____ the beach.

2. What’s Sue doing? She’s standing ____ a queue.

3. They are ___ the roof.

4. Where’s the woman standing? ___ the top of the stairs.

5. What is the tallest building ____ the world?

6. Turn left ____ the roundabout.

7. I live in a flat ____ the first floor.

8. It’s a very small village. You probably won’t find it ____ your map.

9. Where’s Tom standing? ___ the end of the queue.

10. I love to look up at the stars ___ the sky at night.

11. They lived ___ the same area.

12. Where does Kate work? ___ a farm.

13. Where’s the cat? ____ the bottom of the stairs.

Exercise 4. Complete the sentences using the prepositions at, in or on. (1, 2)

1. You’ll find details of TV programmes ____ page seven (of the newspaper).

2. Simon is ___ his room.

3. Who is the woman ____ that photograph?

4. Brighton is ____ the south coast of England.

5. Who is that man standing ____ the door?

6. Write your name ____ the top of the page.

7. Have you seen the notice ____ the notice board?

8. The film was shot mainly ____ Tunisia in North Africa.

9. It was a lovely day. There wasn’t a cloud ____ the sky.

10. There were very few people ____ Joan’s party.

11. Have you ever worked ___ a farm?

12. Turn left ___ the church.

13. I have a friend who lives in a small village ___ the mountains.

14. His name was the fifth ___ the list.

15. My train arrives at 11.30. Can you meet me ___ the station?

Exercise 5. Complete the sentences using the prepositions at, in or on. (1, 2)

1. Have you seen this article ____ the paper?

2. Where’s the post office? ___ the left. And the bank? ___ the right.

3. Turn left ____ the traffic lights.

4. My friend works at a chemist’s ____ the town center.

5. Angela’s house is the white one _____ the end of the street.

6. Our flat is ____ the second floor of the building.

7. Where’s the fly? _____ his arm.

8. The information ____ this booklet is out of date.

9. When you leave the hotel, please leave your key ___ reception.

10. Who is that man standing ____ the window?

11. Here’s a shopping list. Don’t buy anything that’s not ____ the list.

12. What have you got ____ your pocket?

13. There’s nobody living ___ the island. It’s uninhabited.

14. I stopped ____ the shop on the way home.

Exercise 6. Complete the sentences using the prepositions at, in or on. (1, 2)

1. My office is ____ the first floor. It’s ____ the left as you come out of the lift.

2. It was a lovely day. There wasn’t a cloud ____ the sky.

3. I haven’t seen Kate for some time. I last saw her ___ Dave’s wedding.

4. Last year we had a wonderful skiing holiday ____ the mountains.

5. In most countries people drive ____ the right.

6. When you leave the hotel, please leave your key ____ reception.

7. ____ the end of the street there is a path leading to the river.

8. I usually buy a newspaper ____ my way to work in the morning.

9. Is Tom ____ this photograph? I can’t find him.

10. I wasn’t sure whether I had come to the right office. There was no name ____ the door.

11. Bill lived ___ the top end of my street.

12. Write your name ____ the top of the page.

13. Portsmouth is ____ the south coast of England.

14. When we were ____ Italy, we spent a few days ____ Venice.

Exercise 7. Complete the sentences using the prepositions at, in or on. (1, 2)

1. The man the police are looking for has a scar ____ his right cheek.

2. There are three men ____ the boat.

3. Write your name ___ the bottom of the page.

4. Where are the children playing? ____ the beach.

5. We last met ___ the conference in Italy.

6. Sue lives in this building. Where’s her flat exactly? ___ the second floor.

7. There’s no one ___ the room.

8. Tom is ill. He wasn’t ___ work today. He was ____ home ____ bed.

9. Where are the shelves? ____ the wall.

10. We were waiting ____ the far end of the room.

11. I sat ____ the floor.

12. I didn’t feel very well when I woke up, so I stayed ___ bed.

13. London is ____ the river Thames.

14. It will be the biggest event of its kind ever held ___ this country.

15. In Britain we drive ____ the left.

Дополнительные случаи (3)

in
На улице
The church is in Park Road.

at
На улице с указанием номера дома
They’ve opened an office at 28 Lees Road.

Иногда название подразумевает что-то, относящееся к нему.

  • There was an important meeting of ministers at Downing Street today. (в действительности подразумевается Кабинет министров, находящийся на этой улице)

  • They were a great success in/at Edinburgh. (Кроме самого города здесь может подразумеваться как какое-нибудь учреждение в Эдинбурге, так и, скажем, Эдинбургский фестиваль.)

Exercise 8. Complete the sentences with at, in or on. (1, 2, 3)

1. I live ____ 42 East Street.

2. I live _____ East Street.

3. I live ____ King Street.

4. She’s just moved from her flat ____ 38 Azalea Drive.

5. It can be dangerous when children play ___ the street.

6. Talks are to be held ____ Downing Street, chaired by the Prime Minister.

7. We broke down ____ the Princes Highway between Melbourne and Adelaide.

8. The headquarters of the company are ____ Milan.

9. It was a very slow train. It stopped ____ every station.

10. I have a friend who lives ____ a small village ___ the mountains.

11. Who is that man standing ____ the bus stop?

12. Does your train stop ___ Lyon?

13. Sarah lives ___ Queen Street.

14. He’s ____ Manchester studying Linguistics.

15. He lives ____ Perth.

16. My brother lives ____ a small village in the south-west of England.

17. Shall we meet ____ the coach station?

18. I first saw the ring in an antique shop ____ Kensington Road.

19. We spent a few days ___ New York.

20. There has been a serious accident ___ the motorway near Swindon.

21. She won a gold medal ____ Barcelona in 1992.

22. I lived ___ Stockholm for three years during the 1970s.

23. Peter’s doing a Master’s degree ____ Birmingham.

24. The town is ____ the Pacific Highway.

At sea/in the sea (4)

At sea – в путешествии

  • I love swimming in the sea.

  • It was a long voyage. We were at sea for 30 days.

Exercise 9. Complete the sentences using the prepositions at, in or on. (1, 2, 3, 4)

1. Where’s the man standing? ____ the gate.

2. Where’s the bird? ____ the gate.

3. There is some water ___ the bottle.

4. There is a label ____ the bottle.

5. There is somebody _____ the door. Shall I go and see who it is?

6. There is a notice ___ the door. It says “Do not disturb”.

7. Where’s the key? ____ the door.

8. Turin is ___ the North of Italy, ___ the river Po.

9. Look at those people swimming ___ the river.

10. It’s winter. There is thick ice ___ the river.

11. He managed to find it ___ the thick snow.

12. I saw something black ___ the snow.

13. Do you like swimming ___ the sea?

14. Bill works on ships. He is away ___ sea most of the time.

In the corner of a room/at/on the corner of a street (5)

in the corner of a room

at/on the corner of a street

in the corner

at/on the corner

Exercise 10. Complete the sentences with in, at or on. (1, 2, 5)

1. The television is ____ the corner of the room.

2. There is a public telephone _____ the corner of the street.

3. I saw many people ___ the platform waiting for the train.

4. Where’s the Eiffel Tower? ___ Paris.

5. If you walk to the end of the street, you’ll see a small shop _____ the corner.

6. (in a restaurant) “Where shall we sit?” “Over there, ____ the corner.”

7. I like that picture hanging ____ the wall ____ the kitchen.

8. They’re staying at the Metropole Hotel, while they are ____ Brighton.

9. He’s got a flat ___ Milan.

10. My uncle owns a hardware shop ____ the corner of High Street and Redland Road.

11. Where’s the label? ____ the bottle.

12. There’s some tea ____ the shelf ____ the cupboard.

13. I’ll meet you _____ the corner of the street.

14. The lamp was ____ the corner of the room.

In/On/At the Front/Back (6)

in

on

at

in the front/back of a car

on the front/on the back of a letter/piece of paper

at the front/back of the house/building/ cinema/group of people

I was sitting in the back
(of the car) when we crashed.

Write your name on the back
of this envelope.

The garden is at the back of the house.
I was standing at the back, so I couldn’t see very well.

Exercise 11. Complete the sentences with in, at or on. (1, 6)

1. Tom is at the cinema. Where is he sitting? ____ the back row.

2. I couldn’t hear the teacher very well. She spoke quietly and I was sitting ___ the back of the class.

3. When you send a letter, it is a good idea to write your name and address ___ the back of the envelope.

4. When I’m a passenger in a car, I prefer to sit ___ the front.

5. You’ll find the sports results ____ the back page of the newspaper.

6. We normally use the front entrance but there’s another entrance ____ the back.

7. Where’s the dog? ____ the back of the car.

8. We went to the theatre last night. We had seats ____ the front row.

9. Ann is in this group of people. Where is she? ___ the front.

10. “Is there anything interesting ___ the paper today?”

“Well, there’s an unusual photograph __ the back page.”

11. Let’s sit ____ the front (of the cinema).

12. When I go to the cinema, I prefer to sit __ the front row.

13. I didn’t see her among the girls ____ the party.

Предлоги at/in c учреждениями и организациями (7)

1. С учреждениями и организациями используется предлог at, кроме in hospital/in prison

2. Запомните выражение: at somebody’s house

3. Однако в 1 и 2 случаях может использоваться предлог in, если речь идет о самом здании.

  • We saw a play at the National Theatre.

  • There are fifty bedrooms in the Queens Hotel.

  • There are three bedrooms in Julia’s house.

Exercise 12. Complete these sentences with in, at or on. (1, 2, 7)

1. “What does your sister do? Has she got a job?” “No, she’s still ____ school.”

2. Martin is ____ hospital.

3. My brother is ____ university.

4. Although he has been singing for ages, it will be the first time he appeared ____ the Opera House.

5. Some people are ____ prison for crimes that they did not commit.

6. There were a lot of people ____ the shop. It was very crowded.

7. “Where were you last night?” “I was ___ the cinema.”

8. We went to wave him off ____ the station.

9. It was raining, so he decided to shelter _____ the station before he walked home.

10. There were fifty rooms _____ the hotel.

11. A friend of mine was injured in an accident a few days ago. She’s still ____ hospital.

12. Paul lives ____ London. He’s a student ____ London University.

13. I wasn’t in when you phoned. I was ____ my sister’s house.

14. I was _____ the bank when in came Sue.

15. The three bears lived _____ a house ____ a wood.

16. It’s always too hot ____ my sister’s house. The heating is always on too high.

17. Judy is _____ the hairdresser’s.

18. I think I’d like to see a film. What’s on ____ the cinema this week?

19. At the end of your flight the plane landed _____ the airport and stopped.

Keys:

1. 1. on; 2. in; 3. at; 4. in; 5. on; 6. at; 7. on; 8. on; 9. at; 10. in; 11. in/on; 12. on; 13. at

2. 1. in; 2. on; 3. in; 4. on; 5. at; 6. on; 7. in; 8. on; 9. At; 10. on; 11. on; 12. at

3. 1. on; 2; in; 3. on; 4. At; 5. in; 6. at; 7. on; 8. on; 9. At; 10. in; 11. in; 12. On; 13. At

4. 1. on; 2. in; 3. in; 4. on; 5. at; 6. at; 7. on; 8. in; 9. in; 10. at; 11. on; 12. at; 13. in; 14. on; 15. at

5. 1. in; 2. On, On; 3. at; 4. in; 5. at; 6. on; 7. On; 8. in; 9. at; 10. at/in; 11. on; 12. in; 13. on; 14. at

6. 1. on, on; 2. in; 3. at; 4. in; 5. on; 6. at; 7. At; 8. on; 9. in; 10. on; 11. at; 12. at; 13. on; 14. in, in

7. 1. on; 2. in; 3. at; 4. On; 5. at; 6. On; 7. in; 8. at, at, in; 9. On; 10. at; 11. on; 12. in; 13. on; 14. in; 15. on

8. 1. at; 2. in; 3. in; 4. at; 5. in; 6. at; 7. on; 8. in; 9. at; 10. in, in; 11. at; 12. at/in; 13. in; 14. at/in; 15. in; 16. in; 17. at; 18. in;

19. in; 20. on; 21. in/at; 22. in; 23. at/in; 24. on

9. 1. At; 2. On; 3. in; 4. on; 5. at; 6. on; 7. In; 8. in, on; 9. in; 10. on; 11. in; 12. in/on; 13. in; 14. at

10. 1. in; 2. at/on; 3. on; 4. In; 5. at/on; 6. in; 7. on, in; 8. in; 9. in; 10. on/at; 11. On; 12. on, in; 13. on/at; 14. in

11. 1. In; 2. at; 3. on; 4. in; 5. on; 6. at; 7. In; 8. in; 9. At; 10. in, on; 11. at; 12. in; 13. at

12. 1. at; 2. in; 3. at; 4. at; 5. in; 6. in; 7. at; 8. at; 9. in; 10. in; 11. in; 12. in, at; 13. at; 14. in; 15. in, in; 16. in; 17. at; 18. at; 19. at

 


Источник: http://eng.1september.ru/article.php?ID=200501701



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